Pineslopes Optometrists loves to offer Fourways residents great eye health services and optical vision products. We aim to fulfill all your eyewear needs, beginning with complete professional eye care that includes even things like screening for serious eye conditions like glaucoma. Pineslopes Optometrists eye examinations are comprehensive and include tests for refractive error, ocular disorders and muscle coordination. So if you have been worried you have a lazy eye come on through and we will check it out for you.
Pineslopes Optometrists carries an impressive range of eye glass frames supplied by some of the largest eyeglasses manufacturers in the world. We can supply eye glass frames for everyone, no matter the limit of one’s personal spending budget.
There is a fantastic range of Men’s eye wear, Ladies eyeware and children’s eye glasses frames for you to choose from for you or your family.
Some of the premium optical frames we can help you with include the likes of Hugo Boss, Gucci, Marc Jacobs, Tommy Hilfiger, Diesel, Levi’s, Guess and more. So if it is style for your eyes you are looking for well you have come to the right place, Pineslopes Optometrists.Leave a reply
Vision and learning are very closely related. It is estimated that 80% of what a child learns in school is presented visually. So, good vision is necessary for students at any age in order to reach their full academic potential. Spectacles or contact lenses make a huge difference in helping children to see the chalkboard and the books on their desks clearly.
Ruling out simple vision problems is the first step in making sure your child is visually ready for school. However, being shortsighted, farsighted or having astigmatism are not the only visual disorders that can make learning more difficult.
Good vision, requires your eyesight, visual pathways, and brain to all work together. When they don’t, even a person with 20/20 eyesight can experience difficulty reading, writing and processing information.
Most people have the wrong idea that if their visual acuity is 20/20 their vision is normal or perfect. Visual acuity is measured by a person reading a line of letters on a chart. It does not require the same type of eye movements that reading does and therefore cannot be used to determine if a child has the visual skills necessary to read.
Types of Vision Related Learning Problems
Eye health and refractive problems
This includes, shortsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism and other more serious diseases of the eye.
Functional vision problems
This includes eye teaming (binocularity), fine eye movements and accommodation (ability to focus from near to far smoothly and accurately). Poor functional visual skills can cause blurred or double vision, eye strain and headaches that can affect learning. Convergence insufficiency is a specific type of functional vision problem that affects the ability of the eyes to stay accurately and comfortably aligned during reading.
Perceptual vision problems
This is understanding what you see, identifying it, judging its importance and relating it to previously stored information in the brain. Example, recognizing a word you have seen before and using the eyes and brain to form a mental picture of the words you see.
Symptoms of Vision-Related Learning Problems
- Headaches or eye strain
- Blurred vision or double vision
- Crossed eyes
- Avoidance of reading or close work
- Short attention span with visual tasks
- Closing or covering one eye
- Excessive blinking or rubbing the eyes
- Uses finger when reading
- Slow reading and poor reading comprehension
- Leaving out words or confusing similar words
- Reversal of words or letters
- Poor eye hand coordination
- Evidence of developmental immaturity
If your child shows one or more of these symptoms and is experiencing learning problems, it’s possible he or she may have a learning-related vision problem.
To determine if a problem exists, see an optometrist or ophthalmologist who specializes in children’s vision and learning-related vision problems for a comprehensive evaluation.
If no problem is detected, it’s possible that your child may have a non-visual dysfunction, such as dyslexia or a learning disability. An educational specialist will help rule out these problems.
Treatment of Vision-Related Learning Problems
Treatment generally consists of vision therapy. Spectacles may be given for either full time wear or for specific tasks like reading.
If the child also receives other treatment for a learning disability, all professionals should be in contact with each other in a cooperative effort to address the child’s learning problems and find the best approach in solving the problem.
Also, remember that some children with learning difficulties may have emotional problems as well, such as anxiety, depression and low self-esteem. Reassure the child that learning problems and vision-related learning problems say nothing about a person’s intelligence. Many of these kids have above-average IQ’s and simply process information differently than their peers.Leave a reply
Over half the people over the age of 65 have some degree of cataract development and most cases can be treated with cataract eye surgery. So, if you’re alarmed because your doctor told you that you have a cataract, don’t be. A cataract is a clouding of a part of your eye called the lens.
Your vision becomes blurry because light cannot pass through the clouded lens to the back of the eye. Cataracts can develop over periods ranging from a few months to many years. Sometimes the cataract stops developing in its early stages and vision is only slightly impaired. But if it continues to develop, it will interfere with vision.
The amount and pattern of cloudiness within the lens can vary. If the cloudiness is not near the centre of the lens, you may not be aware that a cataract is present.
Common cataract symptoms:
- A painless blurring of your vision
- Glare or light sensitivity
- Frequent spectacle prescription changes
- Double vision in one eye
- Needing brighter light to read
- Poor night vision
- Fading or yellowing of colours
Misconceptions about cataracts
It is not a growth or film over the eye
It is not caused by overusing the eyes
It is not a cancer, tumor or infection
It is not spread from one eye to the other
It is not a cause of irreversible blindness
What Causes Cataracts to Develop?
Cataracts will usually develop as part of the aging process, but can also result from:
Certain chronic diseases such as diabetes
Long-term, unprotected exposure to sunlight
Previous eye surgery
How are Cataracts Diagnosed?
A thorough eye examination with an instrument called a slit lamp can detect the presence and extent of a cataract, as well as any other conditions that may be causing blurred vision or discomfort. This can be performed by an optometrist or ophthalmologist.
How can Cataracts be Treated?
The cataract may need no treatment at all if the vision is only a little blurry. A change in your prescription may improve vision for a while.
There are no medications, eye drops, exercises or glasses that will cause cataracts to disappear once they have formed. When you are not able to see well enough to do the things you like to do, cataract surgery should be considered. Surgery is the only way to remove a cataract.
When Should Cataract Surgery be Done?
Cataract surgery should be considered when cataracts cause enough loss of vision to interfere with your daily activities. It is not true that cataracts need to be ‘ripe’ before they can be removed. Surgery can be performed when your visual needs require it. You must decide if you can see well enough to do your job and drive safely and if you can read and watch television in comfort.
Also, ask yourself if you can perform daily tasks, such as cooking, shopping, or taking medications without difficulty.
Cataract Surgery Procedure
Surgery on a catatract eye is done under topical anaesthetic, which makes the operation almost painless. The surgeon uses only eye drops to numb the eye completely, no injection or general anaesthesia is necessary.
The procedure used for cataract extraction is micro-incision phaco-emulsification, which involves a sub-2.2mm incision in the side of the cornea, through which the surgeon applies a tiny, high frequency ultrasound instrument. High energy sound waves break up the center of the lens into microscopic particles, which are then gently suctioned out through the incision.
Once cataracts extraction has been successful (after the cloudy lens has been removed), a replacement silicon or alternative intra-ocular lens (IOL) implant, through the 2.2mm incision is added. This new lens allows light to pass through and focus clearly on the retina. The IOL becomes a permanent part of your eye. There are many different IOL’s available to address your specific needs, for e.g. Multifocal IOL’s, Toric IOL’s and Accommodative IOL’s. The surgeon will determine which type of IOL is best suited to your needs. After using this special small incision, you will not receive any stitches.
Surgery does not require an overnight stay in hospital. You will be given eye drops to use for 6 weeks after the operation to prevent infection and reduce swelling of the cornea.
Complications can occur during and after the surgery and as with any surgery, a good result cannot be guaranteed. Infection, bleeding and swelling or detatchment of the retina are some of the more serious complications that may affect your vision, but these are rare. Many patients report immediate improvement in their vision and most return to their normal work and lifestyle routines within a day or two.
What to Expect Long-Term
In some cases, the posterior capsule that supports the IOL becomes cloudy several months or years after the initial cataract removal. This is called “after cataract” or Capsular Sclerosis. If this occurs and blurs your vision, this will be corrected with the Yag laser which is painless and takes about 15 minutes.
Most people who wear bifocals or reading glasses for near vision before cataract surgery will still need to wear glasses after surgery.Leave a reply
LASIK is the most commonly performed refractive surgery procedure. LASIK is short for “laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis.”
It is very popular because it has advantages over other vision correction procedures including a relative lack of pain and that good vision usually is achieved by the very next day.
An instrument called a microkeratome is used in LASIK eye surgery to create a thin, circular flap in the cornea. A newer way of making the flap is with a laser. This flap is then folded back out of the way and then the laser removes some of the corneal tissue underneath and reshapes it.
When the cornea is reshaped it is able to focus light onto the retina, giving you clearer vision than before. The flap is then laid back in place, covering the area that was reshaped.
LASIK can be used to correct short-sightedness, far-sightedness as well as astigmatism.
Before the LASIK Procedure
Your ophthalmologist will first have to determine: if you eyes are healthy enough for the procedure, what type of vision correction will be suitable and also how much laser is required.
Certain conditions like dry eye disease will first have to be treated and cleared up before LASIK can be performed. Also, all health problems and medications you are on needs to be disclosed to the surgeon. Certain health conditions will disqualify you altogether for LASIK, but others may just postpone the procedure for a later date.
Numbing eye drops will be placed onto your eyes so you don’t feel any discomfort during the procedure. You will lie down with your eye directly under the laser.
During LASIK Surgery
An ink marker is used to mark the cornea before the flap is created. The flap is then created with either a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser. You won’t actually see the creation of the flap, which is very thin.
A computer is used to adjust the laser for your particular prescription. You will be asked to look at a target light while the surgeon watches your eye through a microscope as the laser sends pulses of light to your cornea. This will painlessly reshape your cornea. You will hear a steady clicking sound while the laser is operating. You may also smell a mild odor during the laser treatment which is normal.
The higher your prescription is, the longer the surgery will take. The surgeon has full control of the laser and can turn it off at any time.
The actual procedure takes about 5 minutes, and you’re awake the whole time. You walk into the surgery centre, have the procedure done and walk out again. You may receive an oral sedative beforehand.
After the procedure is finished, you will rest for a while. If you are having both eyes done the same day, the surgeon will normally begin working on your second eye immediately after the first. Some people choose to have their second eye done a week later.
Even though the surgery is quite quick, LASIK is a very delicate procedure and it’s important to have it performed by a highly skilled surgeon with proper equipment. You should also have someone accompany you to the surgery centre and drive you home afterward.
As with any kind of surgery, it’s important that you follow your doctor’s instructions. Get proper rest, use all prescribed medications as directed and call your surgeon immediately if you suspect a problem.
You may be able to work the next day, but many surgeons advise a couple of days of rest instead. Also, no strenuous exercise for up to a week an avoid rubbing the eyes.
Most people’s vision improves right away, while others may have a gradual improvement over the next few days or even weeks. Most people achieve 20/20 or better vision after LASIK. Some may only achieve 20/40. Some people still need glasses or contact lenses following LASIK vision correction but their prescription will be lower than what it was before.
Complications can include infection, night glare (haloes around lights at night) and rarely, people will experience clear vision after LASIK, then notice a gradual worsening of vision over time. This is called regression and if this happens, the surgeon will determine if a ‘touch up’ will be necessary.
If you are over 40, you will still need reading glasses for all your near tasks. This is due to presbyopia which is age related.
LASIK Criteria for Success
While many people are good candidates for laser eye surgery, these procedures are not for everyone.
Your eyes must be healthy. With dry eyes, conjunctivitis or an eye injury, you must wait for until the condition is resolved. Eye diseases like cataracts, keratoconus and uncontrolled glaucoma may disqualify you completely.
You must be an adult
Your vision must be stable for at least a year. Vision usually stabilizes in your 20’s. Your optometrist will be able to tell you if your vision is stable.
Pregnancy, affects the fluid levels in your body and this could cause your vision to fluctuate. You would have to wait for your hormone levels to settle down which may take a few months after giving birth.
Degenerative and Auto-immune diseases like Sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis; Type 1 Diabetes, HIV and AIDS will disqualify you.
Your prescription must be within certain limits. Very high short-sightedness, far-sightedness and astigmatism may require a different type of refractive surgery.